For example, ethtool -g ethX reads the size of the ring buffer on the NIC, and ethtool -G ethx rx A tx B changes it. Use man ethtool to discover more settings.
But these options don't persist across reboot, so how do you make sure your settings are kept permanent?
You can enter the ethtool commands in /etc/rc.local (or your distribution's equivalent) where commands are run after the current runlevel completes, but this isn't ideal. Network services may have started during the runlevel and ethtool commands tend to interrupt network traffic. It would be more preferable to have the commands applied as the interface is brought up.
The network service in CentOS has the ability to do this. The script /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifup-post checks for the existence of /sbin/ifup-local, and if it exists, runs it with the interface name as a parameter (eg: /sbin/ifup-local eth0)
We can create this file with touch /sbin/ifup-local make it executable with chmod +x /sbin/ifup-local set its SELinux context with chcon --reference /sbin/ifup /sbin/ifup-local and then open it in an editor.
A simple script to apply the same settings to all interfaces would be something like:
#!/bin/bash if [ -n "$1" ]; then /sbin/ethtool -G $1 rx 4096 tx 4096 /sbin/ethtool -K $1 tso on gso on fiKeep in mind this will attempt to apply settings to ALL interfaces, even the loopback.
If we have different interfaces we want to apply different settings to, or want to skip the loopback, we can make a case statement:
#!/bin/bash case "$1" in eth0) /sbin/ethtool -G $1 rx 16384 tx 16384 /sbin/ethtool -K $1 gso on gro on ;; eth1) /sbin/ethtool -G $1 rx 64 tx 64 /sbin/ethtool -K $1 tso on gso on /sbin/ip link set $1 txqueuelen 0 ;; esac exit 0Now ethtool settings are applied to interfaces as they start, all potential interruptions to network communication are done as the interface is brought up, and your server can continue to boot with full network capabilities.